The cryptococcosis - A rare infectious disorder caused by inhaling the fungus CRYPTOCOCCUS NEOFORMANS, which is found especially in soil contaminated with pigeon faeces. The most serious form that the infection can take is meningitis.

Another form of infection causes growths in the lungs, resulting in chest pain and a cough, or on the skin, causing a rash of ulcers. Most cases of cryptococcosis occur in people with reduced immunity, such as those with AIDS.

Cryptococcal meningitis is diagnosed from a sample of spinal fluid. A combination of the antifungal drugs amphotericin B and flucytosine is usually prescribed to treat the infection. Most cases in which only the lungs are infected need no treatment.


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