coughing up blood

The coughing up blood - A symptom, also called haemoptysis, caused by the rupture of a blood vessel in the airway, lung, nose, or throat. The coughed-up blood may appear as bright-red or rusty-brown streaks, clots in the sputum, a pinkish froth, or, more rarely, blood alone. In all cases, medical assessment is needed.

Many disorders can cause haemoptysis. The most common are infections, such as pneumonia or bronchitis; and congestion and rupture of blood vessels in the lungs due to heart failure, mitral stenosis, or pulmonary embolism. A cancerous tumour can also produce haemoptysis by eroding the wall of a blood vessel.

Investigations into coughing up blood include chest X-ray, and, in some cases, bronchoscopy. In about a third of cases, no underlying cause is found. Treatment depends on the cause.


Post a Comment